Isocost-isoquant analysis: theory of production: The production function: a figure known as an isoquant diagram (Figure 1). In the graph, goldsmith-hours per. Finding the conditions for cost minimization is a little bit different for Isoquant and Isocost lines. Instead of finding the optimal quantity level for a. Isoquants: An isoquant (equal quantity) is a curve that shows the combinations of certain inputs such as Labor (L) and Capital (K) that will produce a certain.

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Politics and Social Issues. This indicates that one factor can be used a little more and other factor a little less, without changing the level of output. We could draw as many isoquants as we like.

Capital and labor are the two factors involved in production. Table 1 illustrates, by using hypothetical numbers, seven alternative methods of producing six units of output.

Profit Maximization Through the Technique of Isoquant and Isocost Line | HubPages

HubPages and Hubbers authors may earn revenue on this page based on affiliate relationships and advertisements with partners including Amazon, Google, and others. An isoquant shows what a firm is desirous of producing. Rationality on the part of the producer requires full utilization analyiss resources for optimization of output. The isocost line is combined with the isoquant map to determine the optimal production point at any given level of output.

No two factors are perfect substitutes. Sign in or sign up and post using a HubPages Network account.

Isoquant and Isocost Lines (With Diagram) | Economics

isoqyant This is a cloud CDN service that we isockst to efficiently deliver files required for our service to operate such as javascript, cascading style sheets, images, and videos. You can use this to streamline signing up for, or signing in to your Hubpages account. All the isocost lines in the diagram have the same slope because the relative prices of labour and capital are the same. The firm will get its maximum output when it employs OL 0 units of labor and OK 0 units of capital.

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The least cost factor combination can be determined by imposing the isoquant map on isocost line.

Each curve shows the alternative combinations of labour and capital that would produce 8 and 10 units of output, respectively. This is used to display charts and graphs on articles and the author center.

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Assumptions The principle of least-cost combination rests on the following assumptions: Least cost input is a combination where the slope of isoquant is equal to the slope of isocost. This combinations must be the most efficient ones — i. Specifically, the point of tangency between any isoquant and an isocost line gives the lowest-cost combination of inputs that can produce the level of output associated with that isoquant. This is a cloud services isoquannt that we used to host our service.

We know that the MRTS is equal to the ratio of the marginal products of anf two inputs. This is used to collect data on traffic to articles and other pages on our site. This page was last edited on 20 Novemberat It follows that while in equilibrium.

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. The isocost line will shift when the prices of factors change, the outlay remaining the same. For example, suppose, the price of labour is Re.

This page has been accessedtimes. This is used to prevent bots and spam. And isoquant must be convex to the origin.

Equivalently, it gives the maximum level of output that can be produced for a given total cost of inputs. We may use remarketing pixels from advertising networks such as Google AdWords, Bing Ads, and Facebook in order to advertise the HubPages Service to people that have visited our sites.


We may use conversion tracking pixels from advertising networks such as Google AdWords, Bing Ads, and Facebook in order to identify when an advertisement has successfully resulted in the desired action, such xnd signing up for the HubPages Service or publishing an article on the HubPages Service. Views Read Edit View history. The prices of the factors of production 2.

The slope depends on the prices of factors of production and the amount of money which the firm spends on the factors. An isoquant traces out the wnd of any two inputs which yield the same level of output.

Isocost-isoquant analysis

The choice is based on the prices of factors of production at a particular time. Thus, E is the point of equilibrium from where there is no tendency on the part of the producer to move away.

We can see that the shape of isoquant plays an important a role in the production theory as the shape of indifference curve in the consumption theory. In both cases the factors will have to be employed in optimal combination at which the cost of production will be minimum. The significance of factors of productive resources is that, any two factors are isocosh e.

This supports the Maven widget and search functionality. Isocost Line The concept of isocost line is not a new one.