Irving Rouse-The Tainos – Ebook download as PDF File .pdf) or read book online. Information on tainos. Drawing on archeological and ethno-historical evidence, Irving Rouse sketches a picture of the Tainos as they existed during the time of Columbus, contrasting. How to Cite: Delle, J.A., The Tainos: Rise and Decline of the People Who Greeted Columbus by Irving Rouse, Yale University Press, New Haven.

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He was promoted to associate curator and research associate The ground stone artifacts included stone axes and various types of hammer-grinders, beads, and other small objects. Rouse identifies his background in botany as a major factor in his lifelong interest in classification and taxonomy.

Throughout his career, Rouse maintained that the only migrations to the islands were those mentioned above. Trade would have been prevalent based on the presence exotic pottery types. The second culture Rouse identifies is called the Meillac group. He hypothesizes that this is not out of need for food, but rather as some sort of ritual with supernatural significance. Irving and Mary had two sons, David and Peter.

Not much about the non-material culture of the Couri defined by Rouse as “concerned with customs which have been inferred by artifacts [13] is known. Taxonomic classification is done by creating a set of classes which differentiate the artifacts in a collection by type type being the end product of Taxonomic classification. These sherds were classified into 30 types. His maternal grandfather was Czech. The flint artifacts were similar in form to both the Couri and Meillac flint artifacts, while the ground-stone tools were similar to the Meillac ground-stone artifacts.

Rouse began doing fieldwork in the Caribbean inwhen he worked in Haiti on the material that would lead to his dissertation. Cruxent on a publication examining Venezuelan archaeology.

Irving Rouse

As a result of the research done a much better understanding of the culture history of the northern Antilles was constructed. Bone artifact were rare. Artifacts came in the form of the aforementioned pottery sherds, flint tools, ground-stone artifacts, and shell artifacts. In a article in American AntiquityRouse breaks classification of artifacts down into two forms, ruose and taxonomic, and discusses the goals of each form.


He identifies a number of objective types which may be pursued in this article, including descriptive, classificatory, geographical, and chronological objectives. One particular type of cooking pottery that was popular in the region both in the Meillac and Carrier groups discussed below was the “pepper pot”, a vessel in which most of their prepared food was made.

Sites were identified largely by large piles of shells, which also indicated a reliance upon seafood as a rousee of subsistence.

A Study in Ghethe second an application of these methods entitled Culture of the Ft. Other archaeologists believed that every new pottery type was a product of a new migration from the mainland.

Upon receiving his Ph. Like with the Meillac groups, Rouse believes there may be evidence for cannibalism.

In this volume Rouse discusses different population movements throughout the world, and discusses his view of the proper way to study prehistoric migrations. The end product of analytic classification is the ” mode “, which is produced by creating a series of classes representing different features of the artifact.

Rouse was a proponent of the cultural historical approach to archaeology, and in “The Strategy of Culture History”, [29] Rouse identifies and examines the goals of this approach. Stone tools were rare, but some were recovered throughout the course of excavation. The first culture he classifies is the Couri culture.

Social organization would have been similar to Meillac group social structure, with people living houses grouped into villages. These objects would have been made through either flaking, battering, or grinding techniques.

The Tainos: Rise & Decline of the People who Greeted Columbus – Irving Rouse – Google Books

Rouse was a major contributor to the study of Caribbean archaeologyand his contribution to this field began with his dissertation, which was broken down into two parts and dealt with the culture of the Ft. People would have lived in small villages, presumably in some sort of small structure, although the only evidence we have regarding shelter comes from small middens.


The Manicauroid series was the only ethnic series that fit in the Meso-Indian epoch. Some of the smaller stone balls might be evidence of some sort of game or entertainment activity. This was the culture, which was fairly complex in social structure, that was first encountered by Old World explorers, most notably Christopher Columbus.

The only art known from these groups comes from decoration on cooking pots, which included linear geometric drawings and modeled heads. Hsu Paul Bohannan Conrad M.

A Study in Method There is evidence of a workshop for the manufacture of the axes in the area, however it appears that the flint objects were made elsewhere, indicating that there was probably some sort of trade system in place. Presidents of the American Anthropological Association. Hodge —16 Alfred L. The flint tools that were recovered were similar to those represented in the Couri group, but the ground-stone artifacts were more developed than their Couri predecessors.

The hypotheses should also be tested against other forms of anthropological data, such as linguistic and physical anthropological data. This page was last edited on 11 Mayat Rouse notes that while modes are “inherent” in a collection, types are created by the archaeologist by selecting the modes which he determines to be relevant. Adams Francis L.