ABUSIR AND SAQQARA IN THE YEAR 2000 PDF

Get this from a library! Abusir and Saqqara in the year [Miroslav Bárta; Jaromír Krejčí;]. This collection of articles provides an overview, on the occasion of the Millennium , of Czech work at the Egyptian cemeteries of Abusir and Saqqara over the last. Abusir and Saqqara in the Year URL: /~krejci/AbuSaqqhtml. Format.

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Skip to main abusirr. Log In Sign Up. The tomb of Menekhibnekau is the third largest Late Period shaft tomb excavated at the necropolis at Abusir so far. Although it seems to be contemporary with the neighbouring structures of Udjahorresnet and Iufaa, abueir shows some differences in its orientation, arrangement of its subterranean layout and its decoration and texts. Judging from the tiny remnants of its superstructure for the most part destroyed by later stone-cuttingthe tomb of Menekhibnekau might have been yesr most magnificent structure of its kind within the entire cemetery; that corresponds to the number and importance of his titles and offices.

In spite of thf fact that its burial chamber had already been robbed in antiquity, several items of the original burial equipment and other artefacts have been found here. Louis Chaix Cattle skulls bucrania: A universal symbol all around the world. The case of Kerma Sudan abd Abstract: Skulls of cattle or bucrania are widely represented in various contexts all around the world.

In different modern populations, bucrania are often linked to the funeral world as a symbol of the power of death. In Africa, since the Early Neolithic period, bucrania are attested in high numbers from Kerma culture cemeteries, a fact which indicates the economic and religious importance of the cattle.

In some particular tombs more than 5, bucrania were found. Their importance is also known from Ancient Egypt and from some Saqqara tombs.

Some bucrania are artificially deformed, with parallel horns, similar to some pictures found in the Saharan rock-art.

Abusir and Saqqara in the Year Supplement of Archív orientální. | ETANA

This artificial modification of horns continues to be practiced by modern tribes from the southern Sudan, testifying to a long and living tradition. Asia — Africa — Madagascar — Sudan — cattle — bucrania — horns — symbolism — deformation. This contribution presents and discusses the large quantity of canine remains uncovered in four seasons of work in saqqra Teti Cemetery North — by a team from Macquarie University, Sydney.

Two different types of burials were observed, and while one ane these can be classified as the known type of votive animal mummy, the second does not fit into any of the four categories commonly described in the relevant literature. Based on the archaeological findings at this site where some yeag are buried in close association with humans, a hypothesis is formulated for a further type, an amuletic animal mummy. Amuletic animal mummies uear Anubis — association of human and animal remains — canines — Graeco-Roman period — metric analysis of dog crania — re-use of New Kingdom structures — Teti Cemetery.

Among other excavated material, 33 vessels with hieratic or demotic texts were found.

Abusir and Saqqara in the Year 2000. Supplement of Archív orientální.

All inscriptions are written in black ink and in a bold, sure hand. It is, however, clear that they are the work of more than one scribe. Both hieratic and demotic inscriptions mention materials used during mummification but some of them even specify the day of the process of mummification. Recent information jn Ancient Egyptian animal husbandry has been derived mainly from representations avusir cultic places such as temples and tombs.

Despite the fact that these illustrations can be oddly interpreted, they can be misleading, for they reflect not real snd, but an ideal conception. Osteological material excavated during the seasons —09 in the site explored by the Czech Institute of Egyptology were analyzed. The results of these analyses contributed to our knowledge of animal husbandry, abuse of domestic animals, burial habits and other aspects of Ancient Egyptian life, as well as to e. Christiane Ziegler New Discoveries at Saqqara: Two undisturbed Late Period tombs q3 and n1 67 Abstract: They are situated in the area of the Akhetetep mastaba, to the north of the Unas causeway, and can be reached by shafts cutting through mastaba cores.

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The Late Period Tombs are collective burials. They contain few loculi and stone sarcophagi and many wooden coffins and mummies covered by beautiful cartonnages. Other funerary items consist of Ptah-Sokar-Osiris statuettes and wooden chests found intact.

Originating from the discovery of an anepigraphic monumental tomb in the excavation season of the Leiden Excavations at Saqqara, the problem tackled by this paper is the dating of tombs according to architectural features. As previous studies of New Kingdom monumental architecture at Saqqara have been purely synchronic, ignoring developments over time, the present contribution seeks to initiate a discourse about change. The significance of the discussion can be found along two avenues: Leiden Excavations at Saqqara — dating of tombs — New Kingdom — monumental architecture — diachrony — history.

The graffiti in the entrance passage of the Maidum pyramid were studied by G.

These published Maidum graffiti were analysed in the context of the history of pyramid complex 20000, as well as that of the chronology of the Eighteenth Dynasty. There are, however, several shorter graffiti, which remain unpublished.

These graffiti were recorded by G. Gunn in cooperation with the expedition led by A. Rowe and the inscriptions were analysed later by J. This paper aims at presenting the unpublished graffiti. Maidum graffiti — New Kingdom — research, J. Preliminary results of aubsir and seasons conducted by Macquarie University Abstract: Evidence was recovered indicating that the area was used for tombs and individual burials from the Old Kingdom through to the Roman Period.

Remains of seven tomb structures were found tye Old Kingdom, three New Sqqara, one Late Period and one Roman period as well as numerous individual burials ranging from the First Intermediate Period to the Roman Period.

Indications point to the New Kingdom tomb chapels already having been stripped of their stone architectural elements by the time of the Roman Period. Teti Cemetery — Saqqara — New Kingdom — tomb chapels. The tomb of the steward and later high-priest of the Aten, Meryneith, at Saqqara was found in As such, it can be compared to the notion of pragmatics in linguistic theory.

Saqqara — Meryneith — Ancient Egypt — cemetery — archaeology — pragmatics. This saqqarq deals with anthropological remains found in the New Kingdom necropolis excavated by the Leiden University in Saqqara. Comparison of two different groups dating to the New Kingdom and to the Ptolemaic Period revealed tbe data on the low mean age at death, based on ad socioeconomic status of the buried population groups.

The difference between the ones from the poor New Kingdom cemetery, who were not mummified, and the mummies of the wealthier ones from the Ptolemaic vault, amounted to a low mean age difference of nearly five years. Cranial morphology revealed the stability of the local population type of the Memphite area.

Abusir and Saqqara in the Year 2000

In both groups, morphological resemblance of pair individuals and increased frequency of some variations or anomalies revealed the blood relationship of the dead. Saqqara — New Kingdom — Ptolemaic period — anthropology — stability of the Memphite population. Some of these shaft tombs were completely undisturbed and contained intact rectangular coffins from the late Middle Kingdom.

These discoveries provide us detailed information about the buried individuals and their burial customs, as well as presenting an unique opportunity to examine ritual and funerary tye performed at the time of death.

Dahshur North — Middle Kingdom — shaft-tomb — coffin — burial customs — funerary ritual. Previous excavation work did not provide a definitive saqqraa to the question as to whether or not the causeway was decorated. A number of blocks contain depictions of human activities, including stick-jousting and bee- keeping, and landscapes with wild and domesticated animals, fish, birds and a turtle.

Inscriptions imply that at least some of the scenes probably belonged to representations of the seasons. Other fragments suggest scenes involving foreigners and perhaps military conflict. Portions of processions of deities, nomes, estates, fecundity figures and offering bearers were recovered. Another group of fragments preserves parts of ships, some laden with cargo.

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The newly discovered relief fragments from the Senwosret III causeway show that the continuity and tradition in the decorative programs of these structures stretched from the early Fifth Dynasty until at least the latter part of the Twelfth Dynasty.

This article deals with a new bas-relief scene from the causeway of Sahure at Abusir. The scene depicts high officials and groups of other officials with different titles in front of what has been suggested to be a large figure of Sahura. Depicted officials are known men who served King Sahure. Abusir — Old Kingdom — Sahura — pyramid complex — decoration — high officials — royal family — Seshemnefer I.

In the pottery studies of the Old Kingdom period, the question of the chronological sensitivity and reliability of fine versus rough wares has been raised recently.

With fine wares, the time span between their production and their deposition can reach up to several generations.

Contrarily, rough wares were entirely practical and were disposed of after several episodes of usage. The most abundant and most easily recognizable rough wares are, without doubt, beer jars and bread forms. Their high numbers and considerable variations in form make a detailed typological study essential, albeit difficult, tge often three or more forms appear in one context. On the other hand, their typological variability makes them significant for chronological studies.

In this paper, the morphological development and chronological relevance of bread saqqarx from the recent excavations in the cemeteries of Abusir South shall be compared with the known assemblages from the Memphite necropolis and the wider provincial production. Abusir — Old Kingdom — pottery — rough and fine ware — social and archaeological context — bread moulds. An innovating introduction to the tomb Abstract: John Burn An ecological approach to determine the potential influence that the Pyramid Texts have had upon Sixth Dynasty tomb decorations Abstract: If the Pyramid Texts had any influence at all upon Sixth Dynasty tomb 20000, then it should be feasible to identify a correlation between tomb decoration programmes and the sequences of the Tear Texts.

It would be expected that the distribution of the decorations should be observably different before and after the appearance of the Pyramid Texts. The pattern that emerged suggests decorations changed in response to some influence other than the Pyramid Texts and suggests a new time frame for this inspiration.

Old Kingdom — Pyramid Texts — distribution — tomb decoration. The presence of the name of Neit-ikrety in the Turin Canon has generated a number of important discussions in the past but, in a recent re-examination of the Turin Papyrus, K.

This result has brought Ryholt to two significant conclusions: This article revisits the various arguments, old and new, relating to this controversial identity and offers an independent assessment of the evidence. Violaine Chauvet Entrance-porticoes and Portico-chapels: Porticoes — monumental entrances supported by columns or pillars — are saqqarz the structural innovations which mark the transformation of private tombs into elaborate multi-functional monuments from the mid-Fifth Dynasty onwards.

Originating in the necropolis of Abusir, this architectural feature is selectively adopted and adapted in the Memphite area with at least eight examples at Saqqara and ten at Giza. The paper will focus on the analysis of the portico decoration, and consider the adaptation of the decorative programme within the structural setting, and the function of this architectural feature.

The first theme to be discussed is public display: Which are the icons selected to be transferred to the outside of the tomb, and how are they adapted to external public display?

Which new themes emerge in relation to porticoes, and how do they relate to the developing concept of the biographical self?