Vertigo is the sensation of rotation, rocking, or spinning environment that’s experienced even when someone’s really still. Anyone who has these dizzy spells might be feeling like they’re spinning or the world around them is spinning.
What causes vertigo?
An inner ear condition is often the cause of vertigo. Here are some common vertigo triggers:
Figuring Out Remedies
Benign paroxysmal positional vertigo, commonly called BPPV, occurs when some calcium particles, or canaliths, accumulate in the inner ear canals. The brain receives signals about body and head motions relative to gravity from the inner ear. This helps us maintain balance.
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There’s no known cause of BPPV and it can be due to age.
This is a condition of the inner ear that is often due to viral infection. The infection leads to inner ear inflammation around vital nerves that help the body gain balance.
This inner ear problem is believed to be caused by pressure changes and accumulation of fluid in the inner ear. It can cause bouts of vertigo along with tinnitus and hearing loss.
Less common vertigo causes include head or neck injury, brain conditions like stroke or tumor, migraine headaches, as well as some medications that lead to ear damage.
The symptoms of vertigo
Vertigo can be described as one symptom, rather than a condition that exhibits signs and symptoms.
People with vertigo usually feel as if they are spinning, swaying, unbalanced, tilting, and pulled to a certain direction.
Other symptoms that might occur alongside vertigo include tinnitus, hearing loss, headache, vomiting, sweating, feeling nauseated, and jerking or irregular eye movements.
Symptoms may come and disappear and may last a few hours or a few minutes.
Vertigo treatment options
The cause of vertigo is what determines the treatment option. Vertigo often goes away without treatment. So, what may be the reason? This is due to the fact that partly to inner ear changes at least, the brain may adapt, relying on other means to balance.
For some people, treatment is required and can include:
This form of physical therapy is meant make your vestibular system stronger. The vestibular system’s function is to transmit signals to your brain about body and head movements in relation to gravity.
Sometimes medicines may be prescribed to help ease symptoms such as motion sickness or nausea associated with vertigo. For vertigo that results from infection or inflammation, some antibiotics and steroids can be prescribed to minimize swelling as well as treat infection. For Meniere’s disease, you may be prescribed diuretics, aka water pills, to ease the pressure resulting from fluid buildup.
A few vertigo cases may require surgery. If the vertigo resulted from something serious such as a tumor, neck or brain injury, treating these problems can help ease the problem.